Periorbital cellulitis | What causes periorbital cellulitis?

Periorbital cellulitis | What causes periorbital cellulitis?

Peripheral cellulitis (also known as preceptor cellulitis) is an acute but treatable infection of the eyelid and tissues surrounding the eyelid.


Peripheral cellulitis can occur at any age, but usually affects children under 5 years of age.

This infection can occur after a scratch, wound or bite around the eye, which allows germs to enter the wound. It can also extend from a nearby site affected by an infection such as sinuses.

Periopital cellulitis

Is different from orbital cellulitis, which is an infection of the fat and muscles around the eye.Orbital cellulitis is a dangerous infection that can cause chronic problems and deep infections.

Symptoms include:

  • Redness around the eye or in the white area of ​​the eye
  • Eyelid swelling, white of the eyes, and surrounding area
  • This condition often does not affect vision or causes eye pain.

Exams and tests

The medical services supplier will look at the eye and get some information about the manifestations..

The tests that can be ordered are as follows:

  • Blood culture
  • Blood tests (complete blood count)
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan

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  • Antibiotics help fight infection by mouth, visually or intravenously (intravenously; IV)

Outlook (forecast)

Periopital cellulitis always improves with treatment. In rare cases, the infection spreads to the eye socket, resulting in orbital cellulitis.When to contact a medical professional

Call your provider as follows:

  1. The eye becomes red or swollen Symptoms worsen after treatment,The eye becomes red or swollen
  2. Symptoms worsen after treatment
  3. Fever develops with eye symptoms
  4. Moving the eye is difficult or painful
  5. Looks like the eye is sticking out (swelling)
    There are vision changes
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How is it evaluated and treated?

The doctor will examine your baby’s eyes. If periopital cellulitis is diagnosed, do not worry too much – this condition can be easily treated with medication and a few visits to the doctor. (Babies less than 12 months of age may require special assessment for infection and short hospital stay.)

The doctor will place your child on oral antibiotics, or give a dose by injection in the office. Progress will be closely monitored to make sure the medication is working: you will often be asked to schedule an appointment for your little one over the next day or two, depending on the severity of the case.

A follow-up visit can be scheduled after a week or two, during which time the infection should clear up. It can be cleared up within 48 hours. Make sure your baby completes a full course of antibiotics to make sure the infection does not recur even if the symptoms start to go away.In the meantime, the doctor may prescribe acetaminophen or (if your child is 6 months or older) ibuprofen to relieve any pain and reduce any fever.

Are There Any Complications for Peripheral Cellulitis?

The most effective strategy is to make sure your baby’s immunizations are up to date. In the past, the Haemophilus influenzae bacterium has caused many cases of periopital cellulitis. Thanks to the hip vaccine, this is no longer the case. Another bacterium, Streptococcus pneumoniae, is a common cause that can be prevented by pneumococcal vaccine.

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